Politics | The Economist

Two months after an election, an agreement to form a new German government was unveiled. Olaf Scholz of the Social Democrats will lead a coalition with the Greens and Free Democrats, a pro-business party. Mr Scholz will succeed Angela Merkel as Chancellor in early December. The inclusion of the Greens has placed climate change at the center of the new government’s agenda. It is also committed to building 400,000 apartments per year to alleviate a housing crisis.

Stockholm syndrome

Magdalena Andersson resigned just hours after becoming Sweden first female Prime Minister. His brief term ended when the Greens left a new coalition with his Social Democratic Party in a row on the budget. Ms Andersson is expected to return to the post with the backing of parties who want to keep the Swedish populist Democrats out of power.

At least 27 migrants drowned off the coast of France while trying to reach Britain. This is the highest number of deaths in the Channel since such figures began to be recorded in 2014. The number of illegal landings in the Channel, orchestrated by criminal gangs, is already three times higher this year than 2020. The British and French governments have pledged to step up their fight against human traffickers. But it is not yet clear who will pay to patrol the waves.

Protests erupted in several European countries against new pandemic restrictions, as the continent battled another wave of infections. Riots broke out in Rotterdam and The Hague after the Dutch the government reintroduced the containment measures. A great demonstration at Brussels turned ugly, forcing the police to deploy water cannons. Walks were also held in Croatia, Italy and Switzerland. Austria reimposed a lockdown and made vaccinations mandatory for all its citizens from February, the first wealthy country to do so.

After months of deadlock, Romania The president asked Nicolae Ciuca, a former army general, to be prime minister, leading a coalition government comprising the liberals and the social democrats. With one of the lowest vaccination rates in Europe, the country is struggling to contain covid-19.

José Antonio Kast, candidate of the far right, took first place in the first round of from Chile presidential election. He will face Gabriel Boric, candidate from the left, in a second round next month. For the first time since the return to democracy in 1990, Chile will not be ruled by a president of one of the established center-left or center-right parties.

that of Venezuela the opposition took part in the elections for the first time in four years. The process was “grossly flawed,” the US secretary of state said. The ruling party won 20 of 23 state governor positions. Cuba congratulated Nicolás Maduro, the Venezuelan dictator, before the announcement of the results.

that of El Salvador President Nayib Bukele announced that the country would build a circular “Bitcoin city” at the base of the Conchagua volcano. Geothermal energy from the mountain will be used to power bitcoin mining. In September, El Salvador became the first country to make bitcoin legal tender.

Abiy Ahmed, the prime minister of Ethiopia, said he would personally lead frontline troops fighting rebels from the northern Tigray region advancing towards the capital, Addis Ababa. Several countries have urged their citizens to leave Ethiopia immediately.

from Sudan Civilian Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, overthrown in a coup in October, has been reinstated. He had reached an agreement with the putschists after days of protests and 41 deaths. He agreed to allow the military to remain in control and to postpone the elections. He said he made the concessions, which dismayed protesters, to prevent further bloodshed.

The British government sought to declare all of Hamas, the Palestinian militant group that controls the Gaza Strip, a terrorist organization. Britain had already outlawed the group’s military wing.

World tennis stars have expressed concern over a Chinese peer, Peng shuai, who accused a former Chinese vice premier of sexual abuse. The allegation has been erased from the Chinese Internet. Chinese media published videos of Ms. Peng and an email allegedly by her retraction. But doubts persisted about his well-being.

China downgraded diplomatic relations with Lithuania after the Baltic state authorized the opening of a Taiwanese trade office using the name Taiwan instead of Taipei, a name often used by the island’s missions abroad.

Narendra Modi, india Prime Minister announced the repeal of three contentious bills aimed at reforming India’s agricultural sector. The U-turn is most of his time at the office. It comes after a year of farmer protests and just months before elections in the agricultural densely populated states of Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.

Barisan Nasional, Malaysia ruling coalition, triumphed in elections in Malacca, a flagship state south of Kuala Lumpur. The result is seen as a vote of approval for Ismail Sabri Yaakob, the new prime minister, who will likely call a general election next year.

US House of Representatives passed Joe Biden’s $ 1.7 billion Rebuild better the social assistance bill and the expenses related to climate change. Unlike the Presidential Infrastructure Law, this bill currently does not have the votes for approval in the Senate.

The Biden administration has asked the Cincinnati federal appeals court to lift another appeals court’s stay of its vaccine mandate. The Cincinnati court has been tasked with overseeing dozens of appeals against the warrant.

Wading father

A statue of Thomas jefferson was removed from New York City Hall, after members of the black council complained it was a reminder of slavery. The author of the Declaration of Independence also owned 600 slaves. The statue, a copy of the Congress sculpture given as a gift to America in 1834 by its first Jewish naval commodore, has a new place in the city’s historical society.

This article appeared in the The World This Week section of the print edition under the headline “Politics”

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